About the mobile and broadband checker
This checker shows the predicted broadband and mobile coverage availability and performance at your address.
The checker is also available in Welsh.
What is the Ofcom Mobile and Broadband Checker?
This checker is designed to help people find out about the availability of broadband and mobile services in a particular area. It helps people get the information they need quickly and easily, so they can make informed choices
About the mobile coverage checker
This map uses mobile signal predictions provided by the four UK mobile network operators. Predictions can vary significantly from the coverage you may actually experience as a result of local factors (especially terrain). Ofcom has tested the actual coverage provided in various locations around the UK to help ensure that these predictions are reasonable.
Ofcom has set the thresholds indicating the level of service that may be available. Consequently, the Ofcom map may differ from the maps provided by the mobile network operators on their websites. Please see the FAQ below for more detail on the reasons why.
This checker uses broadband availability and predicted speeds data provided by the UK's major broadband networks.
Standard broadband speed predictions refer to the highest predicted speed of any major broadband networks for services that deliver download speeds of up to 30 Mbit/s. Superfast broadband speed predictions refer to the highest predicted speed of any major broadband networks for services that deliver speeds between 30 Mbit/s and 300 Mbit/s. Ultrafast broadband speed predictions refer to the highest predicted speed of any major broadband networks for services that deliver speeds over 300 Mbit/s. The data is updated three times a year. The checker results are predictions and should not be regarded as guaranteed.
How often is the data updated?
Data on coverage of fixed broadband services is collected from operators up to three times a year, in January, May and December. Mobile coverage is collected monthly and updated monthly.
My Postcode or property address doesn’t appear on the checker, why?
Ofcom uses data from the Ordnance Survey to provide the base dataset used to assess broadband coverage for properties in the UK. This data is updated in our checker three times a year, so some properties may not be identified at least until these updates have been implemented.
How can I find out about outages that may affect my services?
Please go to your provider’s website to see status updates about any outages that may be affecting your services.
Mobile coverage checker: frequently asked questions
Why does my mobile provider not show up on the list?
The map shows the coverage of the four main mobile network operators in the UK: EE, Vodafone, O2 and Three. All other mobile operators in the UK provide their services over these networks. Examples include:
- Lebara Mobile, Asda Mobile, Talk Mobile and VOXI use the Vodafone network.
- Your Co-op, 1p Mobile, Utility Warehouse, Ecotalk, Plusnet and BT Mobile use the EE network.
- iD Mobile and Smarty, Freedompop and Superdrug Mobile use the Three network.
- Tesco Mobile, Giffgaff, Sky Mobile, Virgin Mobile and Lycamobile use the O2 network.
Not all handsets or contracts will offer the same access to the full range of 2G, 3G and 4G services. You may wish to check this with your operator. Some operators provide predictions related to specific handsets on coverage checkers on their websites.
What’s the difference between 2G, 3G and 4G?
2G networks support voice calls, text messaging and very low speed data services. All handsets are able to connect to 2G networks.
3G networks support voice calls, text messages and mobile broadband. Most handsets support 3G connections, but some older phones and very basic phones do not. When 3G coverage is not available handsets will try and connect to the 2G network, where one is available to them.
4G networks support download speeds of more than 2 Mbps (often significantly more), and are used to deliver voice, text and higher speed data services (e.g. video streaming, fast internet browsing).
5G networks can provide more capacity to support more demanding uses simultaneously and the potential to support more sophisticated services, including low latency applications like augmented reality and virtual reality.
See p36 of our Connected Nations 2021 report for more information on what 5G, 4G, 3G and 2G mean for consumers and businesses.
What is Fixed Wireless Access?
Fixed Wireless Access (FWA) is where the broadband service is provided over a wireless network, either via a mobile network or a dedicated wireless network. The coverage information is based on operators’ predictive modelling tools and localised issues may mean that particular premises may not be able to receive a service despite being predicted to do so.
Your map is different to the operators’ maps. Why?
Ofcom's independently-produced map uses mobile network operators’ coverage predictions indicating signal levels at every location in the UK. However, each mobile network operator has a slightly different approach to displaying coverage on their own map, including assumptions on the handsets used, levels of prediction reliability and the expected signal loss when indoors or in a car. Because Ofcom's map brings all of their predictions together in a single place and holds it to a single, independent standard, our map may display different levels of availability of coverage than those seen on the operators' websites. Links to the operators' maps can be found here:
We update our map monthly, but there may be times when the Ofcom map and those of the mobile network operators are based on slightly different data and therefore show different predicted coverage.
The map says that I should have good coverage but I’m not getting a reliable service. Why?
The mobile coverage map is based on coverage predictions from the mobile network operators. These predictions are generated using computer programs that simulate the way mobile signals travel from mobile masts and are blocked by any obstructions such as hills, trees and buildings. Coverage can also be affected by the handset that you are using.
Our own measurements of mobile signals in different parts of the UK have shown that the predictions from computer models are generally accurate, but cannot guarantee coverage is present in a certain area (as they provide a probabilistic or statistical view of coverage).
For example, the predictions may suggest on average that there is good coverage in a full postcode, but coverage in different parts of that postcode might vary significantly depending on very local factors such as trees, buildings and seasonal foliage. Predicting indoor and in-car coverage is subject to large variations as signal loss can vary significantly depending on the materials the signals must travel through. The Ofcom map reflects a typical signal loss for a house or car, but in some cases the signal loss may be greater. For example, if you are in a basement or in a house with thick stone walls.
If you are experiencing problems with indoor coverage you may wish to consider some of the solutions that the mobile operators can offer. For example, all the main network operators now allow calls to be made and received over Wi-Fi. You should contact your provider for more information.
You may experience problems making voice calls or accessing mobile data services – even if a signal is available. This is usually because of congestion, where lots of other people are using the network at the same time and you are sharing the capacity of the mobile mast with them. Sometimes this can occur when you are in crowded areas such as a sports ground or shopping area, but you may also experience the effects of congestion when you are in a less obviously crowded area but many other people are sharing the capacity of the mobile mast with you.
Why is my mobile broadband speed slow or unreliable?
Mobile broadband is delivered using 3G, 4G and 5G networks. If you are in an area where your provider only has coverage from their 2G network you would only get an extremely low speed data connection, and web browsing and other services are likely to be very slow or unresponsive. If you are connected to a 2G network your handset will usually display '2G', 'GPRS' or 'EDGE' at the top of the screen. If you are connected to a 3G network your handset may display '3G', 'HSDPA', 'H+' or similar. 4G connections are usually displayed as '4G' or 'LTE' on the handset.
The speed and reliability of mobile data can also be affected by the device that you use. If you intend to use your mobile as your main broadband connection, you may be able to receive a more reliable service by using a home router that uses the mobile network rather than a fixed network to provide a broadband connection (known as a Fixed Wireless Access (FWA) router).
Can I cancel my contract if I can't get good coverage?
Check the provider's coverage before you buy a new contract (you can use our map and we would recommend that you also check the provider's coverage checker) and then try your coverage as soon as you get connected. Try using your phone in the places you know you'll need it (such as home, work and other important places). If you bought your mobile contract online or over the phone and either change your mind about your contract, or find that coverage is a problem for you, you can cancel your contract under the statutory cooling off period that applies to the first two weeks. If you bought your mobile contract in a mobile provider's shop, check with your provider as many offer a 'check your coverage' cooling off period for contracts bought in store for the first two weeks after you sign up.
How can I complain about my coverage?
You should contact your mobile operator in the first instance if you are having coverage problems as they may have solutions for your problem. You'll be able to find contact details and their complaints procedure on their website or on your bill
Information on how to complain to Ofcom about your provider.
Ofcom is unable to get involved in individual disputes, but we do log and monitor the complaints we receive to help inform our decisions.
What does the ‘Data’ option mean in the map?
Select this option if want to see what coverage you could get across 2G, 3G and 4G. The resulting map will show coverage for 2G, 3G and 4G technologies only.
What does the ‘5G data’ option mean in the map?
Select this option if you have a 5G compatible handset and subscription, and want to see specifically where 5G may be available. The resulting map will show outdoor coverage for 5G technologies.
How reliable are these maps for 5G coverage?
We are providing information on where it should be possible for 5G to be reliably offered as an option. ‘Very high confidence of coverage’ equates to a ~95% confidence level. ‘High confidence of coverage’ equates to a ~80% confidence level.
How can I see which operators deliver 5G in my area?
After typing in your postcode and selecting your address, a banner below the table of available services shows which operators are predicted to be providing 5G services in that area. This is based on data provided by the network operators. Some operators are in the process of validating their data, which may lead to some changes in predictions over time. Please see the outdoor map of available services to compare coverage.
What can I expect when 5G is available in my area?
The experience you receive will depend on a number of factors, including whether your device and contract are enabled for 5G, what service you are seeking to access and whether your provider determines if this service is best provided over the 4G or 5G network. It will also depend on how busy those networks are.
Why are you not providing information on 5G coverage indoors?
As 5G rollout becomes more widespread and to low-frequency spectrum, it will provide better indoor coverage. We will update our maps to include a view of 5G coverage indoors in due course.
Broadband availability checker: frequently asked questions
What is standard broadband?
Standard broadband services deliver download speeds up to 30 Mbit/s.
What is ultrafast broadband?
Ultrafast broadband services deliver download speeds above 300Mbit/s. These speeds are typically delivered on a cable network or through a fibre connection to the home.
What is the broadband USO?
If you can’t get a download speed of 10 Mbit/s and an upload speed of 1 Mbit/s, you can request an upgraded connection subject to eligibility criteria. You can make this request to BT, or to KCOM if you live in the Hull area. You do not need to be an existing customer of BT or KCOM to apply.
More information is available on the Ofcom website.
There is no information for my postcode or address. Why is that?
The predicted speeds used in the checker are provided by the leading UK broadband networks. If no predictions are shown for your address this does not necessarily mean that broadband is not available and we suggest that you check availability on the networks’ websites.
My local network is not included in the checker. Why is that?
While we aim to seek coverage information from all fixed broadband network providers in the UK, there may be some network providers we do not currently collect information from. If you would like your network to be included in our checker, please email us via firstname.lastname@example.org
Why is the speed I receive slower than the predicted speed on the checker?
There are a number of factors that affect the speed that can be received on a device, for example the performance of the in-building network and the number of devices that are also accessing online services at the same time.
The length, age and repair of the line itself may also affect the performance of the line. In this case, this may be able to be addressed by your provider.
How do I find out which provider is available at my address?
The information for this coverage checker is collected from broadband network providers. Some, but not all, sell services directly to customers. Where the network provider does not sell their services directly to customers, you should be able to find information about the resellers of that network via the link to the network provider’s website included in our web checker.
My service provider tells me that a service is not available but it appears available on your checker. Why is that?
Services may not be available at specific locations and/or at specific times for operational reasons. For example, access to a property to provide a new line may require permission from a landlord or the equipment required to provide service may need maintenance or upgrading. Speak to your provider to find out more details and estimated times for delivery.
I know that there is a fixed broadband service at my property but your checker doesn't recognise this. Why not?
If your provider is not listed on this checker, please contact your provider and also let us know through the feedback link. We collect network coverage information from an increasing number of infrastructure providers, but there may be some - particularly smaller networks - that are not yet included. We are encouraging network providers to contact us so that we can collect and use data on their network availability. There may also be a delay between a provider deploying networks in an area and that service being available to consumers. Look out for marketing material informing you of when new services are available for you to upgrade to.
The checker indicates a service is available but not all operators are listed. Why is that?
We only provide the names of network providers that have expressly given permission to include their names and web details on our checker. There may be situations where we have operator coverage data but have not yet received the necessary permissions to list the operator names.
I clicked on a link to an operator, but the link was broken or took me to a site that wasn't able to help me identify and contact broadband providers. Why?